BREAD Working Paper No. 612, August 2022

Stress, Ethnicity, and Prosocial Behavior Johannes Haushofer, Sara Lowes, Nathan Nunn, Abednego Musau, Moritz Poll, David Ndetei and Nancy Qian   Abstract While observational evidence suggests that people behave more prosocially towards members of their own ethnic group, many laboratory studies fail to find this effect. One possible explanation is that coethnic preference only emerges […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 611, August 2022

Social Media and the Behavior of Politicians: Evidence from Facebook in Brazil Pedro Bessone., Filipe Campante, Claudio Ferraz and Pedro CL Souza   Abstract We study the relationship between the spread of social media platforms and the communication and responsiveness of politicians towards voters, in the context of the expansion of Facebook in Brazil. We […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 610, August 2022

Social Protection and Social Distancing During the Pandemic: Mobile Money Transfers in Ghana Dean Karlan, Matt Lowe, Robert Osei, Isaac Osei-Akoto, Benjamin N. Roth and Christopher Udry   Abstract We study the impact of mobile money transfers to a representative sample of low-income Ghanaians during the COVID-19 pandemic. The announcement of the upcoming transfers affects […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 609, July 2022

Does the Invisible Hand Efficiently Guide Entry and Exit? Abhijit Banerjee, Greg Fischer, Dean Karlan, Matt Lowe, and Benjamin N. Roth   Abstract What accounts for the ubiquity of small vendors operating side-by-side in the urban centers of developing countries? Why don’t competitive forces drive some vendors out of the market? We ran an experiment […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 608, May 2022

The Rise and Fall of SES Gradients in Heights around the World Elisabetta Aurino, Adriana Lleras-Muney, Alessandro Tarozzi and Brendan Tinoco   Abstract We use data from a large sample of low and middle income countries to study the association (or “gradient”) between child height and maternal education. While the strong positive association between child […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 607, March 2022

Estimating the Economic Value of Zoning Reform Santosh Anagol, Fernando Ferreira and Jonah Rexer   Abstract We develop a framework to estimate the economic value of a recent zoning reform in Sao Paulo. Using a block-level regression discontinuity design, we find that developers request more permits in blocks with higher allowable densities. We incorporate these […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 606, March 2022

On the Dynamics of Human Behavior: The Past, Present, and Future of Culture, Conflict, and Cooperation Nathan Nunn   Abstract I provide a theoretically-guided discussion of the dynamics of human behavior, focusing on the importance of culture (socially-learned information) and tradition (transmission of culture across generations). Decision-making that relies on tradition can be an effective […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 605, February 2022

Is Digital Credit Filling a Hole or Digging a Hole? Evidence from Malawi   Valentina Brailovskaya, Pascaline Dupas and Jonathan Robinson   Abstract Digital credit has expanded rapidly in Africa, mostly in the form of short-term, high-interest loans offered via mobile money. Loan terms are often opaque and consumer financial literacy is low, providing opportunities […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 604, February 2022

Democratization, Elite Capture and Economic Development Andrew D. Foster and Mark R. Rosenzweig   Abstract We show using a theoretical framework that embeds a voting model in a general-equilibrium model of a rural economy with two interest groups defined by land ownership that the effects of democratization – a shift from control of public resources […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 603, January 2022

Gendered Impacts of Covid-19 in Developing Countries Titan Alon, Matthias Doepke, Kristina Manysheva, and Michele Tertilt   Abstract In many high-income economies, the recession caused by the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in unprecedented declines in women’s employment. We examine how the forces that underlie this observation play out in developing countries, with a specific focus […]