BREAD Working Paper No. 621, June 2023

On the Importance of African Traditional Religion for Economic Behavior Lewis Dunia Butinda, Aimable Amani Lameke, Nathan Nunn, Max Posch and Raul Sanchez de la Sierra   Abstract Within the field of economics, despite being widespread, African traditional religions tend to be perceived as unimportant and ignored when studying economic decision-making. This study tests whether […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 620, June 2023

Chat Over Coffee? Diffusion of Agronomic Practices and Market Spillovers in Rwanda Esther Duflo, Daniel Keniston, Tavneet Suri and Celine Zipfel Abstract Agricultural extension programs often train a few farmers and count on diffusion through social networks for the innovation to spread. However, if markets are imperfectly integrated, this may also inflict negative externalities. In […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 619, June 2023

Does Combating Corruption Reduce Clientelism? Gustavo J. Bobonis, Paul J. Gertler, Marco Gonzalez-Navarro, and Simeon Nichter   Abstract Does combating corruption reduce clientelism? We examine the impact of a prominent anti-corruption program on clientelism using a novel representative survey of rural Brazilians. Randomized audits reduce politicians’ provision of campaign handouts, decrease citizens’ demands for private […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 618, June 2023

Strengthening Fragile States: Evidence from Mobile Salary Payments in Afghanistan Joshua E. Blumenstock, Michael Callen, Anastasiia Faikina, Stefano Fiorin, and Tarek Ghani   Abstract Building state capacity is uniquely challenging in fragile states. We report results from a randomized evaluation of a major Afghan government initiative to increase capacity by modernizing its payroll. The reform, […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 617, January 2023

Child Poverty Among Refugees Theresa P. Beltramo, Rossella Calvi, Giacomo De Giorgi and Ibrahima Sarr   Abstract There are now more violent conflicts globally than at any time in the past three decades, resulting in the largest forced displacement crisis ever recorded. Understanding at a granular level the well-being of refugees is essential to inform […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 616, January 2023

Bayesian Impact Evaluation with Informative Priors: An Application to a Colombian Management and Export Improvement Program Leonardo Iacovone, David McKenzie and Rachael Meager   Abstract Policymakers often test expensive new programs on relatively small samples. Formally incorporating informative Bayesian priors into impact evaluation offers the promise to learn more from these experiments. We evaluate a […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 615, December 2022

The Economics of Women’s Rights Michèle Tertilt, Anne Hannusch, Matthias Doepke and Laura Montenbruck   Abstract Two centuries ago, in most countries around the world, women were unable to vote, had no say over their own children or property, and could not obtain a divorce. Women have gradually gained rights in many areas of life, […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 614, November 2022

Scaling Agricultural Policy Interventions Lauren Falcao Bergquist, Benjamin Faber, Thibault Fally, Matthias Hoelzlein, Edward Miguel and Andres Rodriguez-Clare   Abstract Policies aimed at raising agricultural productivity have been a centerpiece in the fight against global poverty. Their impacts are often measured using field or quasi-experiments that provide strong causal identification, but may be too small-scale […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 613, September 2022

Imperfect Competition and Sanitation: Evidence from Randomized Auctions in Senegal Jean-Francois Houde, Molly Lipscomb, Terence Johnson and Laura Schechter   Abstract We document the impact of imperfect competition in the sanitation market in Dakar Senegal, both in the traditional market and in an experimental, just-in-time auction system that we designed in collaboration with the government. […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 612, August 2022

Stress, Ethnicity, and Prosocial Behavior Johannes Haushofer, Sara Lowes, Nathan Nunn, Abednego Musau, Moritz Poll, David Ndetei and Nancy Qian   Abstract While observational evidence suggests that people behave more prosocially towards members of their own ethnic group, many laboratory studies fail to find this effect. One possible explanation is that coethnic preference only emerges […]