BREAD Working Paper No. 596, September 2021

Aspirations and Financial Decisions: Experimental Evidence from the Philippines David McKenzie, Aakash Mohpal and Dean Yang Abstract A randomized experiment among poor entrepreneurs tested the impact of exogenously inducing higher financial aspirations. In theory, raising aspirations could have positive effects by inducing higher effort, but could also reduce effort if unmet aspirations lead to frustration. […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 595, August 2021

North-South Displacement Effects of Environmental Regulation: The Case of Battery Recycling Shinsuke Tanaka, Kensuke Teshima and Eric Verhoogen Abstract This study examines the effect of a tightening of the U.S. air-quality standard for lead in 2009 on the relocation of battery recycling to Mexico and on infant health in Mexico. In the U.S., airborne lead […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 594, July 2021

The Political-Economic Causes of the Soviet Great Famine, 1932–33 Andrei Markevich, Natalya Naumenko and Nancy Qian Abstract  This study constructs a large new dataset to investigate whether state policy led to ethnic Ukrainians experiencing higher mortality during the 1932–33 Soviet Great Famine. All else equal, famine (excess) mortality rates were positively associated with ethnic Ukrainian […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 593, July 2021

Machine Learning and Mobile Phone Data Can Improve the Targeting of Humanitarian Assistance Emily Aiken, Suzanne Bellue, Dean Karlan, Chris Udry, Joshua Blumenstock Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has devastated many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), causing widespread food insecurity and a sharp decline in living standards. In response to this crisis, governments and humanitarian organizations […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 592, June 2021

Women Left Behind: Gender Disparities in Utilization of Government Health Insurance in India Pascaline Dupas and Radhika Jain Abstract: Using administrative data on over 4 million hospital visits, we document striking gender disparities within a government health insurance program that entitles 46 million poor individuals to free hospital care in Rajasthan, India. Females account for […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 591, June 2021

The Impact of Free Secondary Education: Experimental Evidence from Ghana Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas and Michael Kremer Abstract: Following the widespread adoption of free primary education, African policymakers are now considering making secondary school free, but little is known about the private and social benefits of free secondary education. We exploit randomized assignment to secondary […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 590, June 2021

Could Vaccine Dose Stretching Reduce COVID-19 Deaths? Witold Wiecek, Amrita Ahuja, Michael Kremer, Alexandre Simoes Gomes, Christopher M. Snyder, Alex Tabarrok, and Brandon Joel Tan   Abstract We argue that alternative COVID-19 vaccine dosing regimens could potentially dramatically accelerate global COVID-19 vaccination and reduce mortality, and that the costs of testing these regimens are dwarfed […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 589, June 2021

The Falling Price of Cement in Africa Fabrizio Leone, Rocco Macchiavello, and Tristan Reed Abstract The average price of cement in Africa was the highest of any continent in 2011, but by 2017 had fallen by 35 percent, the largest decline in the world, according to data from the International Comparison Program. An empirical industry […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 588, May 2021

Transhumant Pastoralism, Climate Change, and Conflict in Africa Eoin F. McGuirk and Nathan Nunn Abstract We consider the effects of climate change on seasonally migrant populations that herd livestock — i.e., transhumant pastoralists — in Africa. Traditionally, transhumant pastoralists benefit from a cooperative relationship with sedentary agriculturalists whereby arable land is used for crop farming […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 587, February 2021

Spillovers without Social Interactions in Urban Sanitation Joshua W. Deutschmann, Laura Schechter, Molly Lipscomb, Jessica Zhu Abstract We run a randomized controlled trial coupled with lab-in-the-field social network experiments in urban Dakar. Decision spillovers and health externalities play a large role in determining uptake of sanitation technology, with decision spillovers being largest among households that don’t […]