BREAD Working Paper No. 526, November 2017

The Rise and Fall of Local Elections in China: Theory and Empirical Evidence on the Autocrat’s Trade-off Monica Martinez-Bravo, Gerard Padró i Miquel, Nancy Qian, Yang Yao Abstract We propose a simple informational theory to explain why autocratic regimes introduce lo- cal elections. Because citizens have better information on local officials than the distant central […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 527, November 2017

The Long-run Effects of Agricultural Productivity on Conflict, 1400-1900 Murat Iyigun, Nathan Nunn, Nancy Qian Abstract This paper provides evidence of the long-run effects of a permanent increase in agricultural productivity on conflict. We construct a newly digitized and geo-referenced dataset of battles in Europe, the Near East and North Africa covering the period be- […]