BREAD Working Paper No. 594, July 2021

The Political-Economic Causes of the Soviet Great Famine, 1932–33 Andrei Markevich, Natalya Naumenko and Nancy Qian Abstract  This study constructs a large new dataset to investigate whether state policy led to ethnic Ukrainians experiencing higher mortality during the 1932–33 Soviet Great Famine. All else equal, famine (excess) mortality rates were positively associated with ethnic Ukrainian […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 526, November 2017

The Rise and Fall of Local Elections in China: Theory and Empirical Evidence on the Autocrat’s Trade-off Monica Martinez-Bravo, Gerard Padró i Miquel, Nancy Qian, Yang Yao Abstract We propose a simple informational theory to explain why autocratic regimes introduce lo- cal elections. Because citizens have better information on local officials than the distant central […]

BREAD Working Paper No. 527, November 2017

The Long-run Effects of Agricultural Productivity on Conflict, 1400-1900 Murat Iyigun, Nathan Nunn, Nancy Qian Abstract This paper provides evidence of the long-run effects of a permanent increase in agricultural productivity on conflict. We construct a newly digitized and geo-referenced dataset of battles in Europe, the Near East and North Africa covering the period be- […]